Belangrijke verschillen tussen de biografieën.
De engelstalige Wikipedia geeft een hele andere biografie van Sergeï Rachmaninov dan bijvoorbeeld de nederlandse of nog een franse biografie op het net (zie de vertaling uit het frans in vorige blog artiekels)
Het is opvallend hoe verschillende biografieën een ander beeld oproepen van de pianist en comonist Sergeï Rachmaninov. Dikwijls leggen ze andere accenten, om de belangrijke momenten in zijn leven en de beweegredenen en omstandigheden te schetsen. De engelstalige wikipedia geeft af en toe een heel andere kijk op de dingen, en is zeker meer gedetailleerd dan de franse biografie die in vorige blogartiekels werd vertaald.
* Om wat te noemen zijn zus Sofia stierf aan de bacteriële infectieziekte difterie als Sergeï 10 was, (voor 1990 nog oorzaak van veel kindersterfte). De ziekte van zijn zus Yelena wordt pernicieuze anemie geheten wat staat voor verderfelijke of kwaadaardige bloedarmoede, veroorzaakt door een vitamine B12-opnameprobleem. In die tijd dodelijk.
Dit is niet hetzelfde als bloedkanker of leukemie:
Leukemie is een verzamelnaam voor verschillende vormen van bloedkanker of preciezer: kanker van witte bloedcellen (leukocyten). Bij leukemie wordt het groeiproces van witte bloedcellen op een kwaadaardigemanier veranderd.
* Een ander frapant verschil in de engelse biografie is als Rachmnaninov in een open slee uit Petrograd (= Sint-Petersburg) met zijn familie naar Helsinki vlucht.
Citaat uit wikipedia:
"Emigration and career in the West
Rachmaninoff in front of a giant Redwood tree, California, 1919
The 1917 Russian Revolution meant the end of Russia as the composer had known it. Rachmaninoff was a member of the Russian bourgeoisie, and the Revolution led to the loss of his estate, his way of life, and his livelihood. On 22 December 1917, he left Petrograd for Helsinki with his wife and two daughters on an open sled, having only a few notebooks with sketches of his own compositions and two orchestral scores, his unfinished opera Monna Vanna andNikolai Rimsky-Korsakov's opera The Golden Cockerel. He was 44 years old. He spent a year giving concerts inScandinavia while laboring to widen his concert repertoire. Near the end of 1918, he received three offers of lucrative American contracts. Although he declined all three, he decided the United States might offer a solution to his financial concerns. He departed Kristiania (Oslo) for New York on 1 November 1918. Once there, Rachmaninoff quickly chose an agent, Charles Ellis, and accepted the gift of a piano from Steinway before playing 40 concerts in a four-month period. At the end of the 1919–20 season, he also signed a contract with the Victor Talking Machine Company. In 1921, the Rachmaninoffs bought a house in the United States, where they consciously recreated the atmosphere of Ivanovka, entertaining Russian guests, employing Russian servants, and observing old Russian customs. "
* Over de villa Senar in Zwitserland waar hij een zevental jaar heeft van kunnen genieten:
When he left Russia, it was as if he had left behind his inspiration. His revival as a composer became possible only after he had built himself a new home, Villa Senar on Lake Lucerne, Switzerland, where he spent summers from 1932 to 1939. There, in the comfort of his own villa, which reminded him of his old family estate, Rachmaninoff composed the Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini, one of his best known works, in 1934. He went on to compose his Symphony No. 3 (Op. 44, 1935–36) and the Symphonic Dances (Op. 45, 1940), his last completed work.Eugene Ormandy and the Philadelphia Orchestra premiered the Symphonic Dances in 1941 in the Academy of Music.
In December 1939 he conducted the Philadelphia Orchestra. This was the first time he had stood on a conductor's podium since January 1917, his last appearance as a conductor in Russia.
* Zijn vriendschap met pianist Vladimir Horrowitz:
Friendship with Vladimir Horowitz
Vladimir Horowitz as he appeared at the time Rachmaninoff met him
Just as the Rachmaninoff household in the United States strove to reclaim the lost world of pre-revolutionary Russia, Rachmaninoff also sought out the friendship and company of some great Russian musical luminaries. In addition to Chaliapin, he befriended pianist Vladimir Horowitz in 1928. Their first meeting, arranged by Steinway artist representative Alexander Greiner, took place in the basement of New York's Steinway Hall on 8 January 1928, four days prior to Horowitz's debut atCarnegie Hall playing the Tchaikovsky First Piano Concerto. Rachmaninoff mentioned to Greiner that he intended to attend the concert and had heard positive things about Horowitz's playing of his own Third Piano Concerto. He expressed a desire to accompany Horowitz in a performance of it. For Horowitz the opportunity represented a dream come true. As he described it, "[Rachmaninoff was] the musical god of my youth ... To think that this great man should accompany me in his own Third Concerto ... This was the most unforgettable impression of my life! This was my real debut!"
Rachmaninoff, in a subsequent letter to Horowitz, offered praise and support to the pianist but described Horowitz's tempos in the Tchaikovsky concerto as too fast--"especially the cadenza" About the pianist's interpretation of Rachmaninoff's own third concerto, the composer said to Abram Chasins that Horowitz "swallowed it whole ... he had the courage, the intensity, the daring."
The men remained supportive of each other's work, each making a point of attending concerts given by the other. They regularly gave two-piano recitals at the composer's home in Beverly Hills. The recitals, never recorded, are known to have included Rachmaninoff's Second Suite and the two-piano reduction of the Symphonic Dances.
A Library of Congress photo of Rachmaninoff
In 1940, with the composer's consent, Horowitz created a fusion of the 1913 original and 1931 revised versions of Rachmaninoff's Second Piano Sonata. Horowitz remained a champion of Rachmaninoff's solo works and his Third Concerto, about which Rachmaninoff remarked publicly after the 7 August 1942 Hollywood Bowl performance, "This is the way I always dreamed my concerto should be played, but I never expected to hear it that way on Earth."